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Vertical Bone Augmentation

Vertical Bone Augmentation (Vertical Alveolar Ridge Modification) - Houston, TX

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The vertical bone augmentation procedure applies bone grafts to shorter areas of the jawbone to make the bone long enough to hold a dental implant. The jawbone may be too short to hold a dental implant because of a developmental defect, a trauma to the bone, or if a tooth has been extracted from the jawbone without socket preservation. At Texas Periodontal Associates in Houston, board-certified periodontist Dr. Roberto Porras performs skilled bone grafts to increase the height and strength of the alveolar ridge and prepare the jawbone for a dental implant. Bone grafts can help to strengthen the jawbone so the dental implant (crown, bridge, or dentures) will be stable and last longer. Vertical ridge augmentation can be done with bone grafts from the patient’s body, synthetic materials, cadaver bones, or cow (bovine) bones.

Reasons for Vertical Grafting

  • To increase the height of the alveolar ridge
  • To augment the size of the jawbone
  • To help a dental implant placement
  • To fix a developmental defect
  • To fix the jawbone after an injury


Before the procedure, the doctor and patient will discuss the best type of bone graft between autogenous (donor bone from the patient), allograft (donor bone from a cadaver or synthetic material), or xenograft (donor bone from a cow) and the chosen bone graft will be prepared. For the bone augmentation, the patient will be put under local anesthesia before the doctor makes incisions into the gums. The gums will be lifted to reveal the patient’s jawbone and the bone grafts will be carefully placed until the desired height is reached. Once the bone graft is complete, the incisions in the gums will be closed. To help speed the bone regeneration process, the doctor may use tissue stimulating proteins, platelet-rich growth factors, or a synthetic membrane to protect the graft area.


Once the bone graft is complete, patients will recover at home for 6 – 9 months before the bone will be ready for the dental implant procedure. Patients should avoid putting pressure on the graft and most will prefer a liquid diet or soft foods for the first few days after the procedure. The doctor may give the patient prescription pain medication, antibiotic pills, and an antibacterial mouthwash. Patients are usually given a temporary implant (crown, bridge, or denture) to give the patient a more normal appearance while they wait for their permanent dental implant.

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Average Cost  
$150 - $3,500
Recovery Time  
48 hours
How Long It Takes  
1-2 hours
Follow Up Time  
7-10 days
Procedure Recovery Location  
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Taller, Stronger Bones

Patients who do not have enough height in the jawbone to support a dental implant can benefit from vertical bone augmentation. Using bone grafts to strengthen and build the alveolar ridge, patients can get secure, long-lasting dental implants.

Related Procedures

* All information subject to change. Images may contain models. Individual results are not guaranteed and may vary. All procedures are performed under intravenous conscious sedation.